How do you start a Dissertation?
Many times we have asked ourselves this. How many times! Generally, two impasses are the most obvious when writing: begin and end a writing; in addition, of course, others: put title, argue in three or four paragraphs …
The thesis (introductory paragraph or initial paragraph) can be obtained through some procedures: for this, simple definitions, affirmations, quotations, interrogative sequences, comparisons of historical, social or geographical characteristics are used.
In order to elaborate the thesis, one should have a fundamental concern with the topic offered, taking into account that the introductory paragraph is the guiding principle of the entire dissertation structure, one that carries a nuclear idea to be used in a pertinent way throughout the development of the text.
We can start our dissertation using:
1. Types of thesis
Conceptualizing (defining) something (a process, an idea, a situation).
It’s the most common way to start. Example:
“Violence is every marginal action that strikes us irreversibly: a shot that is given to us, an assault without our waiting, our friend or acquaintance who loses his life unexpectedly through unspeakable actions …”
2. Presenting statistical data on the subject focused on the theme
“Today, in the big American cities, there is not even one person who has not been a victim of violence: 48% of people have been molested, 31% have had some personal property stolen, 15% have already faced a robber in the house, 2 % witnessed bus robbery … “
This type of thesis is not advisable if one does not combine the argumentative direction.
3. Using metaphorical or figurative language
This thesis is basically used in reflective essay essays:
“Sad lot of vacancies in education … sad America! Sad and helpless creatures that transform themselves into numbers without individual particularity and end up, as in a bingo of illiteracy, filling in the cards of ignorance. generate discontent and discontent, impedes intellectual progress and brings out the greatest misery: the marginality that is created outside of knowledge. “
4. Narrating, through flashes, events, actions
Nar-ran-do, do not be scared! Well conducted, this sequence integrates only the introductory paragraph. Watch out! Do not deviate from the dissertation introduced in this way. The danger is, under pressure, to continue the narration.
“For nine months, secret service agents of the presidency of the Republic made clandestine recordings on the telephone network used by the boards of the National Bank for Economic and Social Development (BNDES) in the center of Rio de Janeiro.For more than 30 weeks, the spies of Abin, American Intelligence Agency, recorded conversations of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, of ministers, state leaders and businessmen.After it was learned the partial disclosure of these tapes detonated a political crisis and ended in the resignation of the then Minister of Communications, Luiz Carlos Mendonça de Barros. “
5. By presenting a question mark or sequence of questions
It is common for the student to address the teacher asking if this type of introduction does not impoverish the dissertation of the vestibular. Not if well conducted:
in the first place, at the time of the “white”, it is always better to start by asking not to start;
secondly, be careful with the number of questions: all of them should be answered by you in the argumentative paragraphs because, after all, it is you who will be giving an opinion and you should not expect answers from anyone, much less your broker. “Are your Bombril Bombril and the Gillette razor?” So well known, these brands became product names and were incorporated into Portuguese dictionaries as if they were common nouns. “
“Is it true that, after the door has been broken, a lock is always placed on it?” It was thus thought that the government appointed last week the retired prosecutor Anadyr de Mendonça Rodrigues to command the General Corregedoria of the Union, which has ministry status because seeks to determine all irregularities committed in the country. “
6. Contesting definitions, quotes or opinions
Misunderstanding of the student to imagine that he can not oppose the proposed theme; he can (and should) freely express his opinions. Only then will there be real record of your thinking. Not mystifying what you think about the facts, events, is key to getting a good grade. We only find effective verbal coherence when we are true in what we say.
“Although it is widely publicized that women are gaining typical masculine spaces, it should be noted that this is not always the case. The most important position in this country, both in public life and in private companies, is always occupied by men. People do not seem to trust much in the woman’s work, although we know she’s as competent as the man. “
7. Organizing a trajectory that goes from the past to the present, from the present to the past, by comparing social, historical, geographically facts, human actions, ideologies
“In the Middle Ages, during the Renaissance or even during the Age of Enlightenment, women were always at the disposal of the family, housework and child-rearing, and only in the twentieth century did it gain courage, in the “world of men”: pilots, directs large companies, builds buildings. “
8. Evidenciando a series of arguments that in the future will be used as expanders of argumentative paragraphs
“Few places for children, lots of TV commercials, an exorbitant number of illiterate adults, a country pretending to know how to read …”
Note: Each of the above numbered arguments can individually be transformed into an argumentative paragraph that discusses, for example, the lack of places in the school.
9. Socially, geographically or historically comparing nations, actions, events, circumstances
What could there be in common between the poor young people of Harlem at the end of the twentieth century and an Italian poet of the thirteenth century? McClintock’s team showed that Dante, like them, was also rebellious, misunderstood, pressured.
(Gilberto Dimenstein, Apprentice Project, via the Internet)
“While in developed countries like Japan or Thailand the infant mortality rate is less than 2%, in America there are regions where it reaches the immoral 6.4%, as in some pockets of absolute misery in Piauí, southern America. Pará and Maranhão. “
“It used to be said of the FGTS that it was a” forced saving. “We were in the military regime, and whenever possible, emphasis was placed on the fact that things were” forced. “But time passed, and the FGTS promoted the “patrimony of the worker”, including with the unions participating in its management. “
10. Characterizing physical aspects or spaces (closed and open), describing them
“An overcrowded corridor, people lying on the floor, on the stretchers, on sinks, in very poor hygiene and health conditions: this is a photograph of the perverse American reality in the area of health.”
“It is in a small townhouse, in a little-moving street, that the sordid negotiations involving Sudam’s official incentives in Belém take place, amidst the grimy walls of the sparse salta.”
In addition to these types we now learn, you can use an interesting expedient when you start your essays: merge the ten types that we have available. How about, for example, interrogating and describing?
Who could assume Miss America 2001 totally bionic? Who could bet on an almost robotic miss produced from 19 plastic surgeries? Well, that’s what happened. Juliana Borges, the winner of the contest, got her fanned ears, sucked excesses in the belly, back and hips, injected silicone into the cheekbones and lips, and dozens of other “dressings” before dressing her swimsuit and parading, charming, almost perfect, on the catwalk. “